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3 Comments Already

Lee Said,
March 31st, 2014 @10:34 am  


araktsu Said,
March 31st, 2014 @11:30 am  

If the authors actually did the research, they must have done it by one of two methods:

(1) Interviews or other personal data collection, for example police, court, or prison records.

(2) Reviewing reports by other authors.

The first item is characteristic of a primary source, the second is not (in fact it is secondary).

That does not establish the validity of the report, because the manner of collecting data, a part of the research protocol, and the statistical significance of the data set determine those things.

The terms primary source and secondary source have different meanings, in regard to data, under varying circumstances.

In this case, if the researchers did the interviews and collected the data from court records, not from articles published by other researchers, it is a primary source, at least in regard to original research. But if the data they collected, even if from government records, in any way contained conclusions or opinions, the report is not a primary source.

This line in particular makes the research suspect to researcher bias: “Results showed that psychological factors such as the value individuals attached to social status, a social dominance orientation, and antiauthority attitudes were important in predicting young offenders’ involvement in prison gang activity.”

The reason why is beyond the scope of your question.

Indiana Frenchman Said,
March 31st, 2014 @12:00 pm  

the web page (below) answers: What is a Primary Source?

A primary source is a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event. Some types of primary sources include:

ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS (excerpts or translations acceptable): Diaries, speeches, manuscripts, letters, interviews, news film footage, autobiographies, official records
CREATIVE WORKS: Poetry, drama, novels, music, art
RELICS OR ARTIFACTS: Pottery, furniture, clothing, buildings
Examples of primary sources include:
Diary of Anne Frank – Experiences of a Jewish family during WWII
The Constitution of Canada – Canadian History
A journal article reporting NEW research or findings
Weavings and pottery – Native American history
Plato’s Republic – Women in Ancient Greece

What is a secondary source?
A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. Secondary sources may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them. Some types of seconday sources include:
PUBLICATIONS: Textbooks, magazine articles, histories, criticisms, commentaries, encyclopedias
Examples of secondary sources include:
A journal/magazine article which interprets or reviews previous findings
A history textbook
A book about the effects of WWI

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